Saturday, April 20, 2013

Development partners' engagement under scanner

The development partners engagement at the district level does not show reliable evidence as to why they are mostly engaged in Kailali, Achham, Kathmandu, Dang, Sunsari and Dailekh and less in Manang, Mustang, Gulmi, Arghakhanchi and Rasuwa, according to the Development Cooperation Report (DCR) 2013 that concludes that donor engagement is not seen on the basis of poverty level of the districts.
Kailali has the largest number of projects (51) — on budget and off budget combined under operation through the support received from various development partners — followed by Achham (50), Kathmandu (42), Dang (41) and Sunsari, Dailekh and Surkhet (40). "Manang is the district with the lowest number of projects (five) followed by Mustang (seven), Gulmi (eight), Arghakhanchi (nine) and Rasuwa (11)," it reported, adding that Ramechhap has also the highest number of on budget projects (18), followed by Dailekh (16), Okhaldhunga (14), Khotang, Sindhuli, Achham, Kalikot, and Sunsari (13) and Bajhang, Baitadi, Kailali, Morang, and Dang Deukhuri (12).
However, Gulmi has only two on budget projects; Arghakhanchi and Mustang has three each; Bhojpur, Syangja, Rasuwa, Kaski, Manang, and Gorkha has four each; and Palpa, Nuwakot and Taplejung has five each, the report added.
Likewise, Lamjung has the highest amount of foreign aid disbursement ($19.56 million) followed by Ramechhap ($12.03 million), Sindhuli ($10.77 million), Dailekh ($10.65 million) and Khotang ($9.29 million) in the last fiscal year, on the basis of on budget disbursement at the district lavel.
Likewise, Bhojpur has the lowest amount of aid disbursement ($0.40 million) followed by Mustang ($0.66 million), Siraha ($0.68 million), Gulmi ($0.73 million) and Udayapur ($0.75 million), the report revealed, adding that Lamjung has the highest amount of disbursement — on budget and off budget combined — of ($20.14 million for 13 projects) followed by Jhapa ($17.64 million for 31 projects), Dailekh ($15.14 million for 40 projects), Ramechhap ($12.49 million for 35 projects) and Surkhet ($12.28 million for 40 projects).
The government has since last fiscal year started to publish the Development Cooperation Report to bring all the foreign aid under online information system, Aid Management Platform (AMP), under the Finance Ministry to make aid more transparent and increase its effectiveness.
Though, aid plays a key role in development, its effectiveness could be increased only if the government and development partners’ priorities align and the aid flows through budget, according to the Finance Ministry.
Nepal has been receiving foreign aid since the last six decades but the money of the tax payers from the development partners and donors have failed to make any visible impact due to lack of its transparency that has made it ineffective and also due to the Nepal's failure in maintaining transparency.

Districts with highest number of projects
Kailali — 51
Achham — 50
Kathmandu — 42
Dang Deukhuri — 41
Dailekh/Sunsari/Surkhet — 40
(Source: Development Cooperation Report 2013)

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