Thursday, June 22, 2017

Nepal ranks 91st in world social progress index

Nepal has made marginal improvement in the Social Progress Index (SPI) this year from last year. Nepal has improved its score to 60.08 (91st) this year from 57.4 (95th) among 133 countries in 2016, according to The Social Progress Index-2017.
"Nepal has been ranked 91st – among 128 countries that covers 98 per cent of the world’s population – in the world in social progress this year," the index published by Social Progress Imperative – a non-profit organisation based in Washington – reported. It has also classified Nepal as one of the ‘Lower Middle Social Progress’ countries with a score of 60.08 on a scale of 100 on SPI.
In South Asia, Nepal is second after Sri Lanka (73rd) while India has been ranked 93rd, Bangladesh (97th), Pakistan (105th) and Afghanistan (127th). But Bhutan and Maldives were not included in the SPI survey.
The index puts Denmark on top with a score of 90.57 and US in the 18th and China 83rd position. ‘Very Low Social Progress’ countries include Yemen with a score of 43.46, Guinea (43.40), Niger (42.97), Angola (40.73), Chad (35.69), Afghanistan (35.66) and Central African Republic (28.38), according to the report.
"Many Lower Middle Social Progress Tier countries are performing strongly compared to countries with similar income, including Nepal and Senegal, which have made great strides in governance and health,” the report stated adding that seven out of 25 countries in the Lower Middle Social Progress Tier performed best compared to others. "Nepal has low absolute performance (91st) but has performed strongly versus similar low-income peers."
Since the establishment of a multiparty democracy in the 1990s, Nepal has made great strides in health and education. Investments, especially in the health sector, accompanied by holistic reforms and decentralisation that helped mobilise community health volunteers to remote areas, have significantly improved health infrastructure.
"For example, Nepal facilitated improvements in antenatal care with incentives for pregnant mothers and institutional delivery," the report mentioned adding, "Access to piped water and sanitation also increased. Life expectancy has risen 12.1 years since 1990, one of the largest gains worldwide."
The lowest performing regions on ‘Tolerance and Inclusion’, South Asia and Eastern Africa, reveal contradictory trends. On average, South Asia has the lowest score (36.67) of any sub-region, yet Bangladesh and Nepal are among the most improved countries. Both showed strong improvements on tolerance for homosexuality. Nepal improved from 56 per cent of the population stating the country is a good place for gay and lesbian people to 83 per cent.
The 2017 Social Progress Index is an aggregate of measures 50 indicators including water and sanitation, advanced education, nutrition, shelter, personal safety, personal freedom, tolerance and inclusion, personal rights, health and wellness, access to ICT, ecosystem sustainability and access to basic knowledge.

No comments: