Tuesday, October 17, 2017

Neraly 400K Nepalis are below poverty line

Nearly 400,000 people are reeling under the poverty line across 25 districts – covering regions including Himalayas, hills and Terai plains – in Nepal, according to a report prepared by the Ministry of Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation.
The report that includes the details of poor in Bhojpur, Khotang, Siraha, Sindhuli, Ramechhap, Rautahat, Gorkha, Tanahu, Baglung, Kapilvastu, Arghakhanchi, Pyuthan, Rolpa, Bardiya , Jajarkot, Dolpa, Jumla, Kalikot, Mugu, Humla, Bajura, Bajhang, Achham and Kailali and published on the occasion of the 25th International Day for the Eradication of Poverty today revealed that there are a total of 391,831 poor households. "Among them, it has classified 188,226 households as ‘extreme poor’, 119,761 as ‘mid-poor’ and 83,844 households as ‘general poor’.
According to the survey, out of the total 1.24 million households in those 25 districts, some 31.5 per cent are poor.
Unveiling the report, minister for Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation Ambika Basnet insisted on the need of economic transformation to reduce poverty.
Likewise, minister of State for Cooperatives and Poverty Alleviation Champadevi Yadav said that the government is preparing to distribute poor identity cards to people of 25 districts where the Poor House Identification Programme is implemented shortly after the Tihar festival. Nepal has categorised the poor people into three categories extreme poor, medium poor and general poor. The government is distributing card according to the three categories – red for absolute poor, yellow for medium poor and blue for poor – according to the ministry. The poor households are eligible for government social security programmes including educational scholarship, health insurance and skill training towards food security and self-employment with the cards.
At the proclamation of the United Nations, October 17 every year is celebrated as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty since 1993. This year, the day was marked with the theme of 'Answering the Call of October 17 to end poverty: A path toward peaceful and inclusive societies'.
Of the total population in Nepal, some 23.38 per cent fall under the poverty line, according to the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). The UN has set a goal – popularly known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – of eradicating all sorts of poverty across from the world by 2030. The UN defines the poverty being based on 10 indicators of daily life including education and health, as per which an individual earning less than a dollar in a day as poor. The UN identifies individual earning less than a dollar in a day as poor.
The UN report indicates that some three billion people across the world are under the poverty line while 8 million people are deprived of sufficient food.
At the programme, National Planning Commission (NPC) former vice chair Dr Shankar Sharma, joint secretary at the Finance Ministry Kewal Prasad Bhandari and joint secretary at the Industry Ministry Pradeep Koirala presented working papers on different nature of poverty and NPC former vice chair Dr Jagdish Chandra Pokhrel and Nahakul KC commented on the papers.
With the latest report, Nepal aims at designing effective interventions to tackle poverty.
According to the report, about 71 per cent of the households in Bajura district are living below the poverty line and have low social indicators in areas such as health and education besides lacking market access.
The Poor Household Support Coordination Board Secretariat said that among the 13,619 households out of the 21,711 households in the district that have been classified as ‘poor’. Within that group, 6,393 households have been identified as ‘extreme poor’.
The board considered eight indicators including ownership of the house and its structure, types of cooking fuel, water and sanitation facilities, household size and ethnicity to calculate the poverty level.
According to a survey, some 4,228 households among the total poor households are ‘mid-poor’ while 2,998 are ‘general poor’. The study also revealed that 63.9 per cent of the total 21,989 households in Kalikot, or 12,433 in number, are living below the poverty line. Among them, 5,877 households are extreme poor.
In Humla and Bajhang, 63.2 per cent and 62.8 per cent respectively of the households are poor. Likewise, more than 50 per cent of the households in Jumla, Achham, Mugu and Dolpa districts are living under the poverty line.
Among the 25 districts, Tanahu has the lowest poverty rate with 21.1 per cent of the households being unable to manage their daily minimum requirements. "In terms of the number of households, Kailali district has 21,577 households under the poverty line, the largest among the districts surveyed."
"Nepal should focus on poverty alleviation programmes that are sustainable, inclusive and helpful to build up resilience among the poor people,” said UNDP country director Renaud Meyer on the occasion.

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