Wednesday, December 3, 2014

Nepal third most corrupt country in South Asia: Transparency International

Nepal has slipped down from last year's rank – to become third most corrupt country in the South Asia – in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2014 published by Transparency International, today.
Nepal has been ranked 126th this year with 29 score out of 100 among 175 countries, according to the Transparency International. The country was ranked 116th position in 2013 with a score of 31 among the 177 countries.
Bhutan – ranked 30th – maintained its clean image and succeeded in remaining on top among South Asian countries with 65 points. Last year, Bhutan – with 63 points – was ranked 31st among 177 countries.
Likewise, Bhutan has emerged as the least corrupt nation in South Asia securing 65 score behind India (rank 85) and Sri Lanka (rank 85) scoring 38 each. Afghanistan improved its score – by 4 points – this year, but it has remained on bottom among the South Asian countries.
The 20th edition of the Corruption Perception Index ranked Bangladesh at 145th and Pakistan at 126th position.
The  Corruption Perception Index scores countries on a scale of zero to 100, with zero indicating high levels of corruption and 100, very clean.
More than two thirds of the 175 countries in the 2014 Corruption Perception Index have scored below 50, according to the Transparancy International that has placed Denmark on top of the chart with a score of 92, whereas North Korea and Somalia share last place, scoring just eight.
"The 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index shows that economic growth is undermined and efforts to stop corruption fade when leaders and high level officials abuse power to appropriate public funds for personal gain,” said chair of Transparency International José Ugaz, in his statement.
The fight against corruption has been a big challenge to developing countries, including Nepal, over the years, said chair of Transparency International Nepal Chapter Bharat Bahadur Thapa, releasing the Transparency International report in the capital today.
"We urge the government and other stakeholders to take initiatives to control corruption," he said, adding that the country has failed to control corruption since it was listed in the Corruption Perceptions Index some 11 years ago. "The report covers not only the corruption in public sector but also in the private sectors."
He also regretted that stakeholders including the government never took the Transparecny report seriously.
The Nepal report is based on the separate surveys conducted by five international organisations, Bertelsmann Foundation, World Bank, World Economic Forum, Global Justice Project and Global Insight.
Bertelsmann Foundation conducted the survey on action against those abusing authority, World Bank conducted survey on status of accountability and corruption status, World Economic Forum carried out survey on paying bribes to get professional and public services, whereas Global Justice Project surveyed on the abuse of authority by the government, judiciary and lawmakers for fulfilling vested interests. Likewise, the Global Insight had come out with survey on the impact of corruption in business sector.


South Asian countries – Rank
Bhutan – 30
India, Sri Lanka – 85
Nepal, Pakistan – 126
Bangladesh – 145
Afghanistan – 172

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